Ghana is not engaged in conflict on a nation-wide scale however there are pockets of violent conflicts across the country. These conflicts are mostly disputes over land or stool/skin titles. About 23 violent conflicts took place in the northern part of Ghana between1980 and October 2002. The consequence of these conflicts has been broken or fragile communities characterized by a sense of resentment, hatred, a culture of violence, and loss of lives and property.
The impacts of these conflicts have been most severe on the vulnerable groups such as women and the youth. Women and young people face distinct risks in these violent conflicts. They are more likely to become targets for sexual violence, need reproductive health care, contract sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV, be forced to generate livelihood for themselves and others, and lose educational opportunities because of conflict.
Women are often involved in dealing with the practical challenges of these conflicts such as reorganizing families, tending to the wounded, providing safety nets for family members, and providing for the general up-keep of the family. Women also have different needs and desires from men in both conflict and peace times and these are affected by violent conflicts.
Women must be involved in conflict resolution and management, peace building and human rights promotion in order to establish a culture of peace and ensure sustainable development.
Foster a culture of peace and nonviolence, respect for human rights and dignity through education, psycho-social counseling for victims and perpetrators, and provision of income generating opportunities for women and young people.
- Peace education
- Awareness creation
- Conflict resolution/management and life skills training
- The promotion of reconciliation
- Advocacy for the involvement of women and youth in local and national peace building initiatives
We also believe that when families can put food on their tables they are less likely to engage in conflict within the home and outside the home which is why our income generation programme is vital to conflict prevention.