Ghana’s current population is estimated to be about 23 million people. Half of this number (11.5 million) consumes at least one sachet of pure water per day. The average weight of one empty sachet is 3.5 grams. That equals 38,500 kilos of plastic waste a day, or 38.5 tonnes.
90% of Ghana’s forest cover has been lost to logging since 1957.
- Ensure environmental conservation
- Ensure environmental regeneration
- Increase knowledge of the benefits of raising trees
- Increase knowledge of the detrimental effects of polluting the environment including the impact of rubbish and also “galamsey” (illegal gold mining—which happens in this area) on health of humans and ecosystems.
- Educate on the basics of climate change awareness and its impact on rural, agricultural communities
- Implement the “One basket – one tree” programme
- Using plastic bags that are littered everywhere in communities in the production of craft and art. This helps reduce the harmful effects of plastic waste and pollution on local eco-systems.
- Using scrap cloth to create craft and art together with the plastic rubbish
- Planting trees as a multi-pronged approach to environmental regeneration and community engagement.
- Workshops to explain the effects of pollution and potential effects of climate change in future
- Community will plant one tree for every craft item they produce
This will have environmental, social and economic benefits to the community:
- Improve the vegetative cover of the savannah zone and stem desertification
- Reduce the threat of climate change by reducing green house gases
- Create sources of food, nutrition, shade and shelter (community rest and meeting places) for years to come
Statistics for recycled basket production: One basket consumes a minimum of 230 sachet bags and half a kilo of scrap cloth. One basket leads to the reduction of plastic waste in Ghana by 595 grams, or just over half a kilo and half a kilo of cloth.
In addition, to make the tree planting a success we involve local community groups as well as the crafts people in the planting and upkeep of the trees. To date, the groups have been extremely helpful and supportive.